A kidney transplant, also called a renal transplant, is a surgical process to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy one. It can be obtained from a donor, either a living relative or someone who recently died.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs positioned directly below the rib cage on each side of the spine, and each one is around the size of a fist. It performs vital functions like filtering and eliminating waste, minerals, and moisture from the bloodstream.
When your kidneys get damaged, fluid and waste build up in your body, elevating your blood pressure and leading to renal failure (end-stage kidney disease). When the kidneys have lost around 90% of their ability to operate normally, it is called end-stage renal disease.
This blog covers all the information on kidney transplants.
Kidney transplantation is a procedure wherein a diseased kidney is replaced with a healthy donor kidney. The kidney might come from either a deceased or a living donor.
One of your kidneys could be donated by a family member or someone else who is a suitable match. This type of transplant procedure is called a living transplant, and a person can live a healthy life with just one healthy kidney.
The majority of people who have a kidney transplant only get just one. They may receive two kidneys from a deceased donor in highly unusual circumstances. The dysfunctional kidneys are usually left in place. The transplanted kidney is implanted in the lower abdomen on the front side of the body.
Most people who need a kidney transplant, regardless of their age, can get one if they meet the following criteria:
There are various reasons why a transplant may not be safe or successful, including an ongoing infection (which must be treated first), severe heart problems, cancer that has spread to other parts of your body, or AIDS.
As with any transplant procedure, risks and complications can occur. Below are the following risks and complications:
Transplantation of the kidneys can benefit those with advanced kidney disease and kidney failure, but it is not a cure. After a kidney transplant, some types of kidney disease may return.
The risks of a kidney transplant include those associated with the surgery itself, donor organ rejection, and the side effects of medications used to prevent your body from rejecting the supplied kidney (anti-rejection or immunosuppressants).
Deciding whether or not a kidney transplant is right for you is a personal one that entails careful consideration of the potential risks and advantages. Consult with friends, family, and other trustworthy advisors while you decide.
Kidney transplant surgery is associated with many complications, including:
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After a kidney transplant, you'll take medications to keep your body from rejecting the donated kidney. The following are some of the possible side effects of these medications:
Other possible side effects include:
A surgical team carries out the evaluation process for a kidney.
The evaluation includes:
Examining your mental health: Stress, financial concerns, and family or significant other support are all evaluated as psychological and social issues related to organ transplantation. These complications can significantly impact the outcome of a transplant, and a living donor is subjected to the same evaluation.
Blood tests: Blood tests assist in finding a suitable donor match, determining your priority on the donor list, and ensuring that the donor organ is not rejected.
Diagnostic tests: It may be necessary to conduct diagnostic tests to assess the condition of your kidneys and your general health. X-rays, ultrasounds, kidney biopsies, and dental checkups are examples of these tests. A Pap test, gynecological assessment, and mammography are all options for women.
To determine your eligibility for kidney transplantation, the transplant team will consider all the information gathered from interviews, medical history, physical exam, and tests.
Before the transplant, the following steps will take place:
A kidney transplant necessitates a stay in the hospital. Methods may vary depending on your situation and your healthcare practitioner's procedures.
In general, a kidney transplant follows this process:
A kidney transplant is an operation that transplants your damaged kidney with a healthy one. You no longer require dialysis since the transplanted kidney takes up the work of the two failing kidneys.
If you underwent a kidney transplant, you would need to take medications for the rest of your life to avoid your body rejecting the new kidney.
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