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-January 18, 2022

Everything You Need To Know About Typhoid Fever

Typhoid fever is a bacterial illness that spreads through polluted water and meals. The infection can lead to high fevers or symptoms like abdominal pain, headache, and loss of appetite. With proper medical advice and medication, you can make a full recovery. If you are left untreated, it can lead to life-threatening intricacies.

History of Typhoid Fever 

Typhoid is an age-old disorder identified in the 1880s to be caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It was primarily eradicated from high-income nations with the evolution of drinking water and sanitation infrastructure and centralized water treatment plants, ensuring clean water in habitat areas. It remains predominant in populations without adequate access to clean water and sanitation.

Typhoid fever

What are the typhoid indications?

Signs of infection may not appear for a week or two after infection. Some of these signs are:

  • High fever
  • feebleness
  • tummy pain
  • headache
  • poor appetite
  • rash
  • exhaustion
  • confusion
  • Constipation

Severe complexities are periodic but can lead to intestinal bleeding or perforations in the intestine, which can ultimately lead to life-threatening bloodstream infections. Signs include nausea, vomiting, and intense abdominal pain. Moreover, typhoid fever may add complexities like pneumonia, kidney infection, pancreatitis, myocarditis, endocarditis, hallucinations, delirium, etc.

What are the causes associated with Typhoid? 

Salmonella typhi (S. Typhi) bacteria can cause Typhoid. The transmission of this bacteria occurs mainly through the oral-faecal path, most commonly dispersed in dirty water or food. It can also be transferred by contacting an infected individual—even individuals who have recovered from Typhoid but are still carriers of S. Typhi

The countries that are more prone and reported a higher incidence of Typhoid include Africa, India, South America, and Southeast Asia. Typhoid fever impacts more than 26 million people every year.

How Can I Be Safe From An Infection Travelling Abroad?

When travelling countries with more elevated typhoid incidences, you need to follow specific tips like not drinking from the tap, preferring Bisleri water, and evading consumption of fountain drinks as they can be made from available tap water. Hot tea and hot coffee are allowed. You should not eat food from street vendors and never buy raw meat or fish until thoroughly cooked.

1.Rehearse good hygiene

Like we follow the COVID hygiene protocol post-COVID, we should ensure the same practice if we want to be safe from typhoid infections. We should wash our hands regularly after going to the restroom or before eating food with soap and water or any approved sanitizer that is readily available. Direct contact with infected people should be avoided. If you are infected, do not prepare or serve food.

2.Typhoid vaccination

The next big thing that could bring you relief from an infection is vaccination. It's not mandatory for every individual, but your doctor might advise one if you're a carrier or live in close contact with a carrier.

Now let's talk about the vaccines available for typhoid disorder. The first type is the inactivated typhoid vaccine. It's a one-dose injection, and it's not prescribed for children under two years old as it takes about two weeks to work. It's advised to go for a booster dose every two years.

The second available type of vaccine is the typhoid vaccine, and it is not recommended for children under age six. The oral vaccine is given in four doses with a gap of one day between each. It takes at least a week after the last dose to work. The booster dose is suggested after a tenure of five years. Orally, the live typhoid vaccine is dispensed, and it may be delivered to people aged six and older. One tablet is taken every alternate day, for a total of four tablets. You can opt for the last dose one week before travel.

3.Diagnosis of Typhoid 

A small sample of your stool, blood, urine, or bone marrow is positioned on a special medium that facilitates the growth of bacteria. The culture is reviewed under a microscope for the existence of typhoid bacteria. A bone marrow culture is often the most sensitive test for Salmonella typhi, and completing a culture test is the most standard diagnostic test. Another test may be used to verify a presumed typhoid fever infection, such as a test to find antibodies to typhoid bacteria in your blood or a test that inspects for typhoid DNA in your blood.

Home Remedies For Typhoid Fever

1.Drink plenty of fluids.

Infections like Typhoid often lead to dehydration. Therefore, patients should always keep themselves hydrated by drinking lots of liquid. Typhoid provokes diarrhoea, so the intake of fresh fluids is assisted in getting rid of toxins and other waste materials from the body. It also furnishes the required nutrients to strengthen the immune system and fight bacterial infection.

2.Garlic

Garlic helps cure typhoid fever. It possesses antioxidants and works as a blood cleanser, and it enables the kidneys to flush out undesirable substances from the body.

3.Basil

Basil is a famous herb that lessens inflammation and joint aches, expected with home treatments for typhoid fever. The antibacterial effects of basil aid in releasing the bacteria that cause Typhoid.

4.Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is one of the home remedies that immediately bring down a high fever by taking away heat from the body of the individual suffering from Typhoid.

Typhoid is a bacterial illness that can lead to diarrhoea, vomiting and high fever, and it can be lethal. The cure is essential; dial 88569 -88569 and get a free doctor consultation.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)           

1.How can you define typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is a life-threatening disorder caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. It generally starts as an intestinal infection and slowly extends to the blood and other body parts.

2.What are the signs of typhoid fever, and how are they caused?

Typhoid fever symptoms may vary from mild to severe. The symptoms are further analyzed as the gradual beginning of sustained fever, headache, nausea, etc.

3.Who should be particularly careful about typhoid fever and who can get typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever can affect anyone, but the most prominent risk is for tourists visiting nations where the infection is common.

Typhoid fever

4.How does typhoid fever occur? 

Typhoid fever is caused by a bacteria called S. Typhi. It spreads through contaminated food or water consumption and sometimes through direct contact with an infected individual. A large population in industrialized nations picks up typhoid fever while travelling and spreads it to others through the faecal-oral route or contamination of food and drinking water.

5.How can we diagnose typhoid fever?

There are different ways to get your typhoid fever diagnosis. The test includes blood culture, urine culture, and stool culture. 

6.What are some home remedies for typhoid fever?

Home remedies for typhoid fever include drinking lots of liquid. Adding basil, garlic, and apple cider vinegar to your daily diet can help you get relieved from typhoid fever with ease.

IF you or your loved ones are suffering from Typhoid or want to know more. Contact Medpho on #BaskEkCall at 88569-88569 for a teleconsultation with Doctors.