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-December 20, 2021

Everything You Need To Know About Piles

Ageing has its benefits and drawbacks. Piles, also clinically known as haemorrhoids, is a condition when veins in your rectum or under the skin around the anus swell. These swollen blood vessels can turn bowel movement into an intensely painful experience. 

A considerable number of individuals experience the issue of piles. Nonetheless, the symptoms might not always be obvious and may not forever be self-evident. Observable side effects of Hemorrhoids can be observed in at least fifty per cent of individuals in India before turning fifty years of age.

This blog will illustrate the issue of piles or haemorrhoids, their causes, types, types of food consumed, and their treatment alongside its impacts on the human body.

What are Piles?

Piles are the collection of inflamed or swollen tissues in the anal canal. They can range in various sizes and external or internal to the anus. Usually, internal piles are situated between two to four centimetres above the point from the anus opening, with them being the most widely identified type. The external piles can be located on the outside of the anal area.

What Are The Piles Symptoms?

It is not established yet what causes the veins around your anus to bulge and swell. The symptoms can be as follows:

  • Painful and hard lump felt around the anus containing coagulated blood. Piles with blood are known as thrombosed haemorrhoids.
  • A sensation of bowel being full even after passing a stool.
  • Visibility of bright red blood after a bowel movement.
  • Soreness, itching and redness around the anus area.
  • Painful passing of stool.


Severe conditions of piles can incorporate:

  • Excessive anal bleeding.
  • Infection
  • Anal fistula
  • Faecal incontinence
  • Strangulated haemorrhoids

Causes Of Piles

Piles can be caused by increased pressure in the lower rectum. The blood vessels around the anus and the rectum will stretch under pressure and swell or bulge, forming piles. This may be due to:

  • Chronic diarrhoea
  • Chronic Constipation
  • Pregnancy
  • Straining when passing a stool
  • Lifting heavyweights

The inclination of the development of piles may also be inherited and is relative to the increment in age.

Types Of Piles

Piles are classified into four categories: Internal, Prolapsed, External, and Thrombosed.

1.Internal Piles/Hemorrhoids

They lie deep inside the rectum and are not visible to the naked eye. They might cause not cause any pain, but their presence is marked with the symptom of bleeding through the anus.

2.External Piles/Hemorrhoids

They are formed in the outer lining of the anal creating extreme pain and discomfort. They are sometimes invisible, and the other times develop as a lump. These can also form blood clots within the mass that slips down.

3.Prolapsed Piles/Hemorrhoids

When internal haemorrhoids swell and stick outside your anus, the situation is coined as prolapsed haemorrhoids. These lumps cause discomfort or pain along with itchiness and burning.

4.Thrombosed Hemorrhoids

Those swollen bulges around your anus are blood clots within the haemorrhoid tissue. Due to lack of blood supply to your rectal tissue, thrombosed haemorrhoids need to be attended to prevent severe complications urgently.

External piles form tiny lumps on the outer edge of the anus. They are very prickling and can become painful if a blood clot grows, as the blood clot can stop blood flow. Thrombosed external piles, or haemorrhoids that have clotted, require immediate medical treatment.

Read more - Difference between piles, fissure and fistula.

Treatment For Piles

The piles' treatment might fluctuate depending upon the kind, severity of the situation or degree of prolapse. Notwithstanding, these self-help tips might ease the pain of piles and stimulate recovery:

1.Drink A Lot Of Water 

Drinking two litres of water daily decreases the risk of piles as it assists in keeping the stool soft.

2.Fibrous Foods

A healthy diet should contain the suggested amount of twenty to thirty grams of fibre a day. Incorporating fibre-rich foods in your diet enhances the overall symptoms and bleeding from piles.

3.Don't Hold Back

Don't wait for a convenient time when you feel the urge to rush towards the toilet—postponing or holding up puts more pressure on the rectum veins, which can deteriorate constipation, thus irritating piles.


Staying active eases and prevents constipation, thus decreasing the pressure on the veins. It can also assist in losing weight which is one more significant contributor to piles.

5.Avoid Self Medication

If you feel your symptoms are deteriorating, consult a doctor immediately. Some over-the-counter medicines might give you transitory alleviation, but connect with a doctor for effective treatment.

6.Don't Exert Pressure.

Don't force your bowel movement; pushing and straining can worsen piles. If you are not relieved within two minutes, get up and try again later.


How can you curb the illness and take preventive measures against piles? Get accurate information and effective treatment with doctors on #BasEkCall at 88569-88569 with Medpho.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1.What foods should be avoided during piles?

  • Dairy products.
  • White flour.
  • Red meat.
  • Processed meats.
  • Salty, spicy and fried foods.

2.Why do piles bleed?

Straining or passing a tough stool can damage a haemorrhoid's surface, causing it to bleed.

3.Is tea good for piles?

 Black tea has tannic acid, which has astringent effects. The acid is a perfect treatment for inflamed haemorrhoids, reducing swelling and discomfort.

4.What happens if you leave piles untreated?

When left untreated, your internal prolapsed piles may get trapped outside the anus and cause significant irritation, itching, bleeding, and pain.

5.Does sugar cause piles?

Consuming more sugar will make you constipated and have difficulty using the bathroom.

If you are suffering from piles or want to know more. Contact Medpho on #BaskEkCall at 88569-88569 for a teleconsultation with Doctors.