-January 17, 2022
Understanding Liver Infection, Causes, Symptoms And Its Treatment
The liver is the most considerable solid organ and is placed in the right upper abdomen below the rib cage in the body. It is liable for removing toxins from the body's blood supply, sustaining healthy blood sugar levels and other essential functions of the body.
A normal liver is essential to support special functions like digestion and detoxification that keep you healthy. Thanks to the liver, which governs most chemicals in the blood and expels bile, the liver has many roles in our body, and it does that smartly. If you enlist the functions of the liver, it performs over 500 vital functions, some of which are enlisted below.
- Removing toxins from your blood.
- It converts nutrients from your meal into stored minerals and vitamins.
- Monitoring blood clotting
- Building proteins, enzymes, and bile
- generating factors that fight infection.
- Removing bacteria from your bloodstream.
- Processing substances that could harm your body.
- Maintaining hormonal balance
An unhealthy lifestyle and alcohol consumption are some of the trending facts responsible for damage to our liver. If we look at all the liver-related diseases, fatty liver, cirrhosis, and hepatitis are the most common ones that need medical attention.
Various types of liver infections
The most frequently occurring liver infections are hepatitis viruses, including hepatitis A and hepatitis B. These viruses can induce liver damage, spread through blood or semen, contaminated food or water, or immediate connection with an infected person.
Hepatitis A Infection of the Liver
Hepatitis A is a highly transmissible liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus. The virus is one of those viruses that causes inflammation and influences your liver's ability to function. For individuals most at risk, benign cases of hepatitis A can be easily reversed by practising good hygiene, including washing hands regularly and getting vaccinated.
Hepatitis A: Infection Spreading Sources
Hepatitis A is a contagious illness that spreads from person to person. It is transmitted mainly through faecal-oral contact from person-to-person, or through polluted water or food. Food infected with the virus is the most common means of spreading hepatitis A. The infection is most likely to spread from contaminated food, water, or close connection with an infected person or object. Eating roadside food is especially popular nowadays, where hygiene can't be guaranteed. Avoid such foods where air pollutants and hygiene could lead to severe infections.
The cook is the person who most often contaminates the food, though he is in good health during food preparation. Infectivity is the highest when most of the virus is present in the stool of a virulent individual, especially in the two weeks before illness starts. Hepatitis A transmission could also spread because of household contact among families or roommates, sexual contact, or those who share unauthorized drugs.
Hepatitis A in the Child Population
Kids often have asymptomatic or unrecognized infections, and they could pass the virus through ordinary play with other family members and other kids and adults. Hepatitis A infection may generate no symptoms, precisely when it infects small children. Studies and data reveal that such cases of hepatitis infection could be monitored once the child goes for a blood test later in life. The incubation period from the time of disclosure to the commencement of symptoms is 15-50 days. The sudden onset of flu-like symptoms is noticeable after a day or two of muscle aches, headaches, loss of appetite, abdominal discomfort, fever and malaise, and jaundice stages from a child to an adult.
What is jaundice?
Jaundice is a term that defines the yellowing of the eyes, skins, and mucous membranes that occurs because the bile flow in the liver is slow, and it gets back into the blood. This results in the urine turning dark with bile and the stool turning light-coloured because of the reduction of bile secretion. When jaundice develops, the initial symptoms appear to subside. The period of acute infection lasts from 10 days to 21 days. In most cases, the blood test remains abnormal for six months, extending recovery for up to a year. The rally is usually within three to six months of the onset of the ailment. Relapse is possible, and although more common in children, it occurs with some frequency in adults.
Risk factors associated with the liver
Jaundice most frequently happens when there is excessive bilirubin production or too little bilirubin released from the liver. In both these scenarios, the result is a deposition of bilirubin in the tissues. Different conditions that may lead to jaundice include
- Inflammation of the liver: This may reduce the ability of the liver to secrete bilirubin, resulting in a stockpile.
- Inflammation of the bile duct: With inflammation of the bile duct, the secretion of bilirubin is impaired, leading to jaundice.
- Obstruction of the bile duct: When the bile duct gets blocked, it prevents the disposal of bilirubin.
Hepatitis B Infection of the Liver
Hepatitis B is a more severe liver infection induced by HBV (hepatitis B virus ). For some individuals, hepatitis B infection becomes chronic, meaning it will last for over six months. Those infected by hepatitis B have an increased risk of developing liver failure, liver cancer, or cirrhosis. There are many events where patients with hepatitis B recover fully, even if their gestures and symptoms are serious. A vaccine can control hepatitis B, but there's no treatment if you already have the illness. If you are contaminated, taking specific precautions can help control the spread of the virus to others.
Symptoms of hepatitis B
The symptoms and signs of hepatitis B can differ from mild to severe and occur in about one to four months once infected. You can observe the infection as early as two weeks post-infection.
Hepatitis B indications and symptoms may include:
- Abdominal pain
- Dark urine
- Joint pain
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Weakness and fatigue
- Yellowing of the skin
Remedies and Treatments for Infected Liver
Getting a liver cure relies on the root cause of the problem. A medical doctor normally decides on the right remedies after a final diagnosis. They conduct a physical examination where they sense your abdomen to get a feel of your liver's size, texture, and shape.
What are some other tests and procedures that a doctor may perform to determine what is causing your liver to become infected?
- Blood Tests: A blood test may be ordered to determine your current enzyme level. It also helps detect any viruses present that may be causing the inflamed liver.
- Imaging: Examinations like CT scans, MRIs, or ultrasounds permit physicians to get a more satisfactory view of the liver.
- A non-invasive examination is performed that employs sound waves to create a visual map of the liver's current rigidity state. It's an alternative to a liver biopsy.
- Liver Biopsy: Your doctor may conduct a liver biopsy to obtain a specimen of your liver tissue to send out for lab testing.
Natural Remedies for a Healthy Liver
Healthy functioning of liver a healthy diet is a must. Try adding these food items to your daily regime to have a healthy liver.
Grapefruit: It contains antioxidants that inherently protect the liver. The two antioxidants found in grapefruit are naringenin and naringin—both help reduce inflammation and protect cells.
Blueberries and cranberries: contain anthocyanins. They assist in increasing immune cell response and antioxidant enzymes.
Beet Root Juice: contains nitrates and antioxidants called betalains, which may reduce oxidative damage, check inflammation in the liver and increase detoxification enzymes.
Cruciferous vegetables: Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and mustard greens have high fibre content. They help in increasing detoxification enzymes and protect the liver from damage.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1.What symptoms are seen during a liver disease?
Jaundice is a signal of liver disorders. Usually, bilirubin is removed from the blood by the liver and excreted in bile and stool, but in jaundice, it increases in the blood. The skin and the eyes become yellow because of the escalation of bilirubin in the skin. The urine turns into a dark colour, and the stool becomes clay-coloured because of the absence of bilirubin.
2.What is fatty liver?
Fatty liver is an unusual accumulation of fat, i.e. liver cells, and may often be followed by fibrosis. Fatty liver is present and is typically seen in heavy drinkers who consume over 80 grams of alcohol per day. However, it would be best to meet with your doctor to understand the fatty liver stage.
3.What are the three types of Liver infections?
The three types of Liver Infections are
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
4.What are the few types of cancer that can form in the liver?
Some of the cancers that start in the liver include:
- Liver Cancer
- Bile Duct Cancer
- Liver Cell Adenoma