-January 17, 2022
What do you Know About Asthma Attack and The Risk associated With It?
Asthma is a lifelong disorder that impacts the airways, which signifies that individuals with asthma have long-lasting inflammation and need management. An asthma patient can experience asthma attacks at any time, and even mild signs may persist for a few minutes, while more intense asthma symptoms can last for hours or days.
What Happens During an Asthma Attack?
When you breathe regularly, the muscles around your airways relax, letting air move smoothly. In the event of an asthma attack, three conditions can develop. You can experience inflammation in your airways, not allowing much air movement in or out of the lungs. The attack might also lead to excessive mucus production, which clogs the airways, while others may experience constriction, leading to difficulty breathing.
Symptoms Associated with Asthma Attacks
Inflammation of the bronchial tubes is characterized by asthma with enhanced production of stuffy secretions inside the tubes. Below mentioned are the symptoms associated with asthma:
- Coughing, especially during the night
- Wheezing (a whistling, squeaky sound when you breathe)
- A shortage of breath
- Rapid breathing
- Chest pain and tightness
- a pale, sweaty environment
- Anxiety feelings
The symptoms associated with asthma keep changing and may differ from time to time. When monitored closely, patients with asthma show mild to severe symptoms post every asthma attack they experience. Some individuals may only have asthma while exercising, whereas others may share it with the onset of viral infections like colds. Mild asthma episodes are more common, but severe attacks, though less common, last longer and require immediate medical attention. Treating mild asthma symptoms is of great importance as it assists you to prevent painful episodes and to keep asthma under better control.
Different Ways to Diagnose Asthma
The diagnosis of asthma is possible once you visit your doctor and discuss your medical history with him. He will conduct a physical exam and inquire you to go for a lung function test, and other tests suggested may include chest or sinus X-rays.
1.Always Inform About Medical History To Doctor
Your doctor will ask you questions to recognize your symptoms and their origins. Get all your old prescriptions and rekindle your memory. Always inform about family medical history, the medications you take, and your daily routine. This incorporates any existing physical problems. Shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and tightness in your chest may be symptoms of asthma. This also includes all previous medical conditions. A history of allergies or eczema raises your probability of having asthma, and even a family history of asthma may increase your chance of having asthma, too. You could also share your work or home disclosure of environmental factors that aggravate asthma. These might comprise pollen, dust mites, and tobacco smoke.
If your doctor specifies you have asthma, he will take you for a physical exam, and he will examine your eyes, ears, throat, chest, and lungs. The need to undergo an X-ray of your lungs or sinuses could also be on the cards.
3.Lung Function Test
To confirm whether you have asthma or not, your doctor may send you for breathing tests known as lung function tests. These breathing tests include inhaling a bronchodilator, a class of medicine that opens your airways. If your lung operation improves with the use of a bronchodilator, you may have asthma.
Who is at risk of developing asthma?
The considerable risk factors for developing asthma are when you have a parent with asthma, have an intense respiratory infection as a child, have an allergic ailment, or are exposed to certain chemical aggravations or industrial dust in your organization.
If you have a mother or father with asthma, you are prone to developing asthma five times more than someone who does not have a parent with asthma.
2.Viral respiratory infections
Respiratory concerns during infancy and youth can cause symptoms like wheezing. Some children who encounter viral respiratory infections may end up with asthma.
You are also inclined to get asthma if you have an allergic condition such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis.
Industrial exposure to hazardous elements like coal dust or wood dust, chemical stenches and vapours, and mould can cause asthma to develop in the first instance.
Cigarette smoke aggravates the airways. If you smoke regularly, you have a high risk of developing asthma. Women who have smoked during pregnancy, their kids are also more likely to have asthma.
Cities reporting an air quality index (AQI) higher than the standard value raise the risk of asthma. Those who grew up and are still living in such cities are prone to having more significant trouble with asthma.
We also suspected the obese population of incurring asthma. They often use more medications, suffer worse symptoms, and cannot handle their asthma than patients in a normal weight range.
What do you understand by inflammation in the airways?
Inflammation responds to pathogens and other triggers in the lining of the airways and the underlying tissue. The inflammation makes the airways red, inflated, limited, and extra-sensitive.
Who can get asthma?
Asthma is a hereditary disorder, so you are more likely to develop asthma if any individual in your family already has it. Kids with food allergies are more prone to develop asthma and those exposed to tobacco smoke, air pollution, or other inhaled irritants.
What causes asthma?
The causes of asthma are still debatable as hereditary and environmental factors contribute to its causes, and how these factors work together is still unknown. Allergens from house dust bugs and pets are the most popular reasons, but many other irritants can lead to asthma, such as pollen and moulds.
What consequences do anti-inflammatory medications have?
Asthma causes inflammation of the airways, making them red, swollen, more inflexible, and extra susceptible to irritants. Anti-inflammatory medicines help to reduce this inflammation and make the airways less sensitive to asthma triggers. Anti-inflammatory medications are beneficial and can contain asthma in most people. The most effective anti-inflammatory drugs are Budesonide, Beclomethasone, and Fluticasone.