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-January 20, 2022

Understanding Common Cold It's Symptoms, Transmission & Risk Associated

The cold wave impacting a large part of the country has led to a surge in flu cases and the common cold, but the rising cases of COVID-19 have led to immense confusion as there is an abundance of specific common symptoms across the infections. The first instances of the common cold are easily noticeable, and it starts with a stuffy or runny nose, a scratchy throat and sneezing. Most individuals quickly recognize these early symptoms as the common cold infecting their upper respiratory tract. 

Over two hundred various viruses can cause the common cold; the most common are rhinoviruses. The common cold spreads from one person to another, and many of these infections can live on surfaces for days. Getting clarity about the ailment can help you feel better, avoid the worst colds, or even inhibit the advancement of the common cold virus to other people.

Symptoms of the cold 

Once infected with a cold-causing virus, cold symptoms take around 1 to 3 days to surface. In rare cases, the symptoms of a cold turn up suddenly.  

Nasal symptoms may include 

Congestion, sinus pressure, runny nose, loss of smell or taste, and postnatal drip

Body symptoms include watery eyes, headaches, sore throats, and swollen lymph nodes. The body experiences fatigue, body aches, breathing difficulty, and chills. 

Symptoms' duration 

The symptoms peak in 5 days and may last till the 10th day. If the infection persists even after the tenth day, it may be the right time to see a doctor.

common cold symptoms

Q.How often do colds strike?

As its name recommends, the common cold is widespread. You'll likely have more colds in your life than any other illness. On average, the adult population can catch a cold two to three times a year, while young children can have a cold three to four or more times a year.

Q.Are colds transmissible?

A common cold is a heterogeneous group of disorders induced by cold viruses. Colds get transmitted from person to person. For a person to become infected, the virus must get into this mucous membrane, the moist lining of the nostrils, eyes, or mouth. When you breathe in moist air or touch a surface that contains the cold virus, or when an infected person sneezes or coughs, the cold virus is launched into the air. If you inhale those droplets, the cold virus takes seed in your nose. The virus may strike you if you touch doorknobs, telephones, toys, and towels, as they might have the virus on their surface and could easily infect you. The common cold virus can survive for up to three hours on hard surfaces and hands.

Q.Why are children more prone to get cold?

During childhood, the immune system is still in its learning phase and is learning how to identify and deal with any virus it comes into contact with. Once you become an adult, you have already undergone multiple engagements with a cold, and it's simpler for your immune system to identify and attack the same viruses.

Children are not as conscious as older adults and hence come into close contact with other children. They don't hide their coughs and sneezes or wash their hands before touching their faces, all of which could prevent the virus from spreading.

Q.Does having a cold affect pregnancy?

If you have a cold during pregnancy, it is not so risky. But, it would help if you were cautious with what cold pills you take to treat your symptoms of a cold. 

The risk associated with cold 

These factors can enhance your possibilities of getting a cold:

1.Age. Newborns and young children are at the highest risk of colds, specifically if they spend time in child care settings.

2.Impaired immune system. Having a chronic illness or otherwise drained immune system raises your risk.

3.Season of the year. Adults and children are equitably sensitive to catching colds in fall and winter, but you can get a cold anytime.

4.Smoking. You're more inclined to grab a cold and to have more-severe colds if you are a regular smoker.

5.Socializing. If you're close to crowds like at school, partying, in a meeting, you're more prone to be disclosed to viruses that cause colds.


These disorders can occur along with your cold:

1.Acute ear infection: A middle ear infection is also called infectious otitis media, and it generally occurs due to a cold. It happens when viruses in the nose and throat enter the ear via the eustachian tube. 

2.Asthma: Individuals who have asthma can, even with a mild cold, experience tightness in their chest. Colds in such instances often lead to asthma flare-ups.

3.Acute sinusitis: The viruses frequently infect the sinuses and cause swelling because of the cold. When infected by a virus, it's called virus sinusitis, and when impacted by a bacteria, it's called bacterial sinusitis.

Q.How to Prevent Yourself from Cold? 

There are several steps you can take to avoid a cold, including:

1.Clean your hands. Particularly before swallowing or preparing food. It is necessary to get your hands washed after using the restroom, cleansing your nose, or while you are in proximity of someone who has a cold.

2.Avoid touching your face. Cold viruses get dispelled from your hands to any part of your facial parts comprising eyes, nose, and mouth.

3.Clean frequently used surfaces. Viruses can live on doorknobs and other places people often touch.

4.Use hand sanitizers. When you can't clean your hands with soap and water; you can opt for sanitizers.

Home remedy for cough and Cold 

1.Black Pepper Tea: Black pepper tea delivers relief from the common cold and clears chest congestion. Black pepper is antibacterial.

 2.Turmeric and Garlic Milk: You can boil a clove, add garlic, and add half a spoon of turmeric to the milk. Consume the milk twice daily to get rid of a persistent cold. You can also gargle with turmeric water a few times a day to quickly relieve sore throat. 

Cold and cough home remedy

3.Honey, Ginger, and Tulsi Combo

Going with a decoction of 1 teaspoon honey, 1/4 teaspoon ginger paste, and 1/2 teaspoon tulsi leaves twice daily in the morning and evening has excellent anti-inflammatory effects.


Now that you are well familiarized with the common causes of colds and the various reasonable remedies to treat them. You should not overlook if the symptoms continue to persist. #BasEkcall @ 88569-88569 to get a free doctor consultation to get healthy.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

1.Is There A Vaccine For Cold?

The cold can be generated by nearly two hundred fifty various viruses, making it hard to make a vaccine that protects them against all of them.

2.What's the best treatment for a Cold?

It would help if you consumed a lot of fluid to keep your body completely hydrated, inhibiting further infection spread. It would be best to avoid drinks with caffeine like coffee and tea.

3.Is it safe to stay back at home?

Yes, it's best to stay home because you are contagious for the first few days and, therefore, should be aware of coughing and sneezing around people.

If you think you may have a cold, flu or develop a fever, you should contact your doctor right away; Dial 88569 -88569 and get a free doctor consultation.