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-February 24, 2022

What Are The 4 Most Common Types Of Hernia?

A hernia happens when a piece of tissue bulges through a body region — usually a weak spot in an individual’s abdominal wall. Some hernias may cause some signs, and others can be medical emergencies.

Types Of Hernia

The 4 most common types of hernia are Hiatal (Upper Stomach), Umbilical (Belly Button), Inguinal (Inner Groin), and Incisional (resulting from an incision).

1.Hiatal Hernia

A hiatal hernia happens when an individual’s stomach bulges through a weak point in the diaphragm. This muscle plays a vital role in breathing and separates the lungs from the abdominal organs.

Symptoms of hiatal hernia may include heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Doctors aren’t sure what causes hiatal hernias. They’re pretty common in older adults and are most often seen in individuals who are:

  • over age 40
  • overweight
  • Pregnant

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Types of hernia

2.Umbilical Hernia

In Umbilical hernias, tissues in the body bulge through an area of weakness in the belly button area (umbilicus). This hernia type causes a visible swelling in or around the belly button that’s usually more alarming when you cough or strain when having a bowel movement.

According to research, an estimated 10% of all hernias in the abdominal area in adults are umbilical hernias. They usually occur when muscles fatigue with age.

Umbilical hernias are particularly common in newborns under six months old, occurring in about 20 % of infants. It appears when the muscles surrounding the umbilical cord don’t close after birth, and they usually repair themselves when a child is four to five years old.

Many times umbilical hernias aren’t hurting and don’t cause issues. If they don’t vanish on their own or cause signs, they are operated on.

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3.Inguinal Hernia

An inguinal hernia occurs when a part of the fat or intestine swells through the lower stomach wall. The bulge goes typically through the inguinal canal, situated in the groin area.

It contains part of the small intestine or parts of the female reproductive organs. This is a relatively common hernia in the groin region, usually right. An estimated 27 % of males and 3% of females will develop an inguinal hernia in their lifetime. They most often occur in children aged five and older from 75 to 80. It usually needs to be corrected with surgery. That’s because there’s a chance that the hernia may contain parts of the small intestine that get stuck outside the stomach wall. If the bloodstream is cut off, this can lead to intestinal obstacles and potentially death.

Inguinal Hernia

4.Incisional Hernia

An individual who has gone through stomach surgery can experience an Incisional Hernia. It includes typically an incision down the middle of the stomach. An individual can be more vulnerable to developing a hernia if the surgical wound doesn’t heal completely.

About 15 to 20 % of individuals undergo abdominal surgery experience incisional hernias. Risk factors incorporate:

  • Going through emergency surgery
  • Experiencing difficulties during or post-surgery, incorporating infection
  • Having specific chronic conditions, including kidney failure and diabetes 
  • Having obesity
  • Smoking
  • Consuming specific long-term medications, including immunosuppressants and steroids.

Few doctors may interchangeably employ the words ventral hernia and incisional hernia. Any hernia type that appears along the midline of the stomach can be referred to as a ventral hernia. Regardless, not all ventral hernias are incisional hernias.

Hernia types can differ by symptoms and locations. If you detect a hernia, #BasEkCall 88569-88569 and get free doctor consultation.