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-January 27, 2022

What are different types of Heart Surgeries?

A sizeable fragment of our population because of their day-to-day activities and eating habits end up with mild to severe complications of heart-related disorders. As observed there are different heart-related problems and some of them have mild symptoms that can be checked with lifestyle changes, medications, or nonsurgical procedures but many end up in heart surgeries. Out of all the heart-related disorders, the most common we hear in our vicinity is a heart attack. A heart attack is a horrifying experience but many survive such episodes of heart ailments because of the timely intervention of a physician who has diagnosed the problem and has suggested the right heart surgery. Heart surgery is conducted to rectify concerns regarding the heart. There are different kinds of heart surgeries carried out for various heart troubles both in children and adults depending upon the requirement.

Types of heart surgery

There are multiple types of heart surgery. In cases of blockages of coronary arteries, leaky or compressed valves, hereditary heart problems, and electrical issues, such as conductivity or heart rate, are all addressed by specialized surgical procedures The most common coronary surgical methods are enlisted below.

1.Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)

In CABG the most familiar type of heart surgery is when the surgeon takes a healthy artery or vein from elsewhere in the body and joins it to supply blood past the clogged coronary artery. The grafted artery or vein bypasses the clogged portion of the coronary artery, creating an alternative path for blood to flow to the heart muscle. During a coronary bypass procedure, more than one coronary artery is grafted. We often term CABG as heart bypass or coronary artery bypass surgery.

2.Heart valve restoration or replacement 

Physicians either restore the valve or replace it with a synthetic valve or with a biological valve made from pig, cow, or human heart tissue. Other repair option includes the insertion of a catheter through a large blood vessel and guiding it to the heart, and inflating and deflating a small balloon at the tip of the catheter to widen a narrow valve.

Heart surgery

3.Insertion of a pacemaker 

Medication is normally the first remedy option for arrhythmia, a state in which the heart beats too quickly, too slow, or with an inconsistent rhythm. If the prescription does not work, a surgeon may ingrain a pacemaker underneath the skin of the chest or abdomen, with wires that fasten it to the heart chambers. The apparatus uses electrical pulsations to regulate the heart rhythm when a sensor notices that it is abnormal. An ICD works likewise, but it transmits an electric shock to revive a normal rhythm when it detects a detrimental arrhythmia.

4.Maze surgery

The surgeon constructs a design of scar tissue within the upper compartments of the heart to divert electrical signals along a steady path to the lower heart chambers. The surgery clogs the lost electrical signals that cause atrial fibrillation one of the most familiar types of severe arrhythmia.

5.Aneurysm repair

A vulnerable section of the artery or heart wall is substituted with a patch or graft to restore a balloon-like lump in the artery or wall of the heart muscle.

6.Heart transplant Surgery

A heart transplant is surgery to extract the diseased heart from an individual and substitute it with a nutritive one from an organ contributor. To extract the heart from the donor, two or more physicians must affirm the donor's brain is dead. Before you can be put on a waiting checklist for a heart transplant, a physician makes the decision that this is the best therapy choice for your heart failure. A healthcare squad also makes certain you are otherwise healthful enough to go through the transplant procedure.

When the heart doesn't have the strength to pump the blood, it's a clear indication of heart failure wherein the heart muscle is failing to pump blood required for the body. The major causes of heart failure may be a heart attack, high blood pressure, heart valve diseases, or events of irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias.

If you have mild to severe complications of heart-related disorders. Dial 88569-88569  to get the best doctor consultation with Medpho.

The risks associated with heart surgery

Most heart surgeries are significant and often successful, they do entail threats. Some of the risks observed during heart surgery include 

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Responses to anesthesia
  • Injury to tissues in the heart
  • Demise, specifically for someone who is already very unhealthy before surgery

The risk is more heightened if you have other co-morbidities such as diabetes, peripheral artery illness, or kidney or lung ailment.

Cardiac care prior to Surgery

Before your operation, it is necessary to know your health conditions and tolerance level. You can do this by switching on to a healthy diet. On your doctor's advice, you can also enhance your exercise habits before your surgery. Starting with a small walk every other day is a good start. Before your procedure, the anesthesiologist will ask you about your pain patience levels. This helps him to determine how to manage your post-operative pain, and what anesthesia dose is optimum for your body during operation.

What elements influence the cost of heart surgery?

The cost of surgery relies on many aspects, namely:

  • Kind of surgery and consumables, tools required
  • The expertise of the cardiothoracic physician and unit
  • The underlying medical circumstances of the patient, which can impact the hospital stay, supplementary tests, and medication need
  • Room type as per hospital’s billing policy

If you are looking for heart surgeries at a affordable price at the best hospital then #BasEkCall at 88569-88569 with Medpho.


Heart surgery can rectify problems with the heart if other therapies haven't worked for you. Doctors suggest heart surgeries when your restoration or replacement of heart valves is a must or in cases where implantation of medical devices is needed to control the heartbeat or support heart operation and proper blood flow.


1.What should I do on the day before surgery?

You will be told not to eat or drink anything unless needed on the day prior to the operation. The nurse will notify you which medicines you should take on the morning of your surgery. 

2.How long will my surgery take?

Normally, the surgery takes three to six hours or more prolonged relying on your procedure. You can consult with your physician on the precise nature of your surgery.

Heart surgery

3.Where will I be shifted after my surgery?

Post-surgery, you are moved to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). You are closely watched by physicians, nurses, and attendants as you recuperate. You will be sleeping due to anesthesia and sedation delivered during surgery.

4.When will my breathing tube be removed?

The intent is to remove the breathing pipe within six hours. Yet, this may differ due to aspects such as vital signs, lab work, lung function, chest X-ray, and if you suffer from other respiratory disorders like asthma, COPD, emphysema, etc.

If you are suffering from any heart-related intricacies which need immediate attention. Call a doctor immediately. #BasEkCall at 88569-88569 with Medpho.