-May 16, 2022
A Complete Guide to First Aid for Fractures
A fracture is a broken bone that results from an external force caused by an accident, trauma, falls, or bone stress. Fractures can also occur due to medical conditions like osteoporosis or some cancers.
Broken bones aren’t a severe issue, but it is crucial to identify their onset and provide urgent medical care to the patient.
This blog is a complete guide on first aid for fractures and when to contact an expert.
Types of Fractures
- Open Fractures: Fractures in which the skin is torn and bleeding are called open (compound fractures). These fractures are severe and need specialized care.
- Closed Fractured: The broken bone doesn’t tear the skin in such fractures.
Signs and Symptoms of Fracture
The symptoms might vary based on the type and cause of a fracture. However, some common fracture symptoms include:
- Intense pain that gets worse after a movement
- Discoloured skin
- Angulation of the affected area
- Bleeding in open fractures
When to seek an urgent medical assistant for fractures?
You should call an ambulance or an expert if you notice that:
- There is heavy bleeding.
- A bone has pierced or torn the skin.
- The patient isn’t breathing or moving at all. Try CPR if there is no heartbeat.
- The fracture is in the neck, head or back.
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A Guide to First Aid of Fractures
If you suspect that someone got a bone fractured, here is a guide to providing first-aid care.
- In case of an open fracture, stop the bleeding by applying pressure using a sterile bandage or clean piece of clothing.
- Avoid moving the affected area as it can cause complications.
- Don’t try to realign or fix the broken bone on your own. However, suppose you are trained on how to splint or are a professional. In that case, you can apply a splint above and below the affected area.
- Wrap ice in a cloth and cold press the swollen area to ease the symptoms.
- To treat the patient’s shock, make sure they are comfortable, make them lay down, and cover them with a blanket to keep them warm.
Once all this is done, you can contact an expert for further care and treatment. They will diagnose the condition and suggest an appropriate treatment. They will put a cast over the fracture to fix the broken bone in most cases.
Casts are necessary to heal a fracture and ease the pain by restricting the movement. However, it is crucial to take care of the cast to avoid complications.
FAQs on Fracture:
1. What causes Fractured?
A fracture is a broken bone that results from an excess force on the bone. The bones become weak when pressure is applied or when they are twisted.
A bone fracture can be caused by accident falls, trauma, or a direct fall or a kick to the body. Moreover, some medical issues like osteoporosis or cancers can weaken a bone and cause fractures.
2. How do you detect a fracture?
In most cases, one can hear or feel a grinding noise after an injury onset. Moreover, there can be intense pain, bruising, swelling, or tenderness around the affected area.
Some fractures are open fractures where bone pierces through the skin and bleeds. In such cases, one should start first aid for fractures until professional help is available.
3. What is the difference between a sprain and a fracture?
With similar symptoms of pain, there is always confusion between a sprain and a fracture. To differentiate between the both, remember that a broken bone is more painful than a sprained ankle or foot. Moreover, the pain of a fracture lasts longer than a sprain.
Other fracture symptoms are also severe in the case of a broken bone. Besides this, the sound at the time of the injury also differentiates the both.