Anyone can get Kidney stones but they are more likely to occur in the following cases:
It is noted that, men are more likely to get the disease as compared to women.
These kidney stones can give a sharp severe pain to the patients. These stones could be caused due to several different reasons:-
These are the major causes which can lead to kidney stones and cause pain and irritation to the person.
Some stones can be as small as a sand’s grain but others can be as big as a pebble or a rock. However the large stones give more noticeable symptoms which an be:
If a person experiences these symptoms, then one should consult a doctor and get it checked properly and diagnose the abnormality.
Many times the stones are so small that they do not cause a lot of pain and with the intake of the proper amount of fluids, the stone can pass out along with the secreted material.
But in cases where the stone cannot pass on its own, there are some treatments that a doctor can offer, among which the most common is Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL).
PCNL- It is a procedure in which the doctor makes a small incision in the back and creates track to the kidney, and removes the stone. After the extraction of stone, a drainage tube is used to extract the excessive waste material and any other stone remains. This procedure is followed in the case of big stones which cannot pass out on its own .
After the procedure, an appropriate amount of fluid intake is necessary to prevent another stone formation. There is a high probability of getting kidney stones again, so it is very important to take every preventive measure.
Other than PCNL, there is Ureteroscopy or Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy procedures which can also be done to treat kidney stones. It depends on the size and condition of the patient that a doctor chooses a suitable procedure to eliminate the stone from the kidney.
The cost of treatment could depend on various factors, like the procedure involved or the severity of the disease. The Average cost ranges from about 10000- 20000.But if it does involve a surgical procedure then it can also go up to the range of 100000-400000 And further the monthly medication expenses too are also required which can cost up to 2000-5000 per month.